Process Of Making Fabric From Fibre
Clothes are made mostly from fibres. Fibres are thin strands of thread, that are woven to make fabric, for example, cotton fabric, silk fabric, etc. The fabric is stitched to make clothes. For example, cotton fabric can be stitched into a cotton frock or a cotton kurta. There are two main processes of making fabric from fibre – weaving and knitting.
Weaving: Weaving involves making fabric by arranging two sets of yarn. It is done using a machine called loom, which can be hand-operated or power- operated. The pattern in which two sets of threads are arranged in a piece of woven cloth is called a weave.
Knitting: Knitting involves making fabric by forming a series of connected loops of yarn by using knitting needles or machines. Sweaters are made from wool strands by knitting.
Aim: To understand weaving.
Materials needed: Chart papers of two different colours (say, red and yellow), ruler, pencil and scissors.
- Cut square pieces, of length and width equal to 30 cm from each sheet.
- Fold the sheets into half. Draw lines on them as shown.
- Cut both the sheets along the lines and then unfold.
- Weave the strips of sheet A one at a time through the slits in sheet’B.
- This is exactly how two sets of threads are woven to make fabric. Try this with different colours. Cover them with transparent sheets to make colourful table mats.