Sino Indian War: The Sino-Indian War is about the war that happened between India and China in 1962. It was a war between the Sino- Indian Border. The fight took place because of many different reasons. Two reasons for the rift in their relationship with each other was Tibet and India’s forward bloc policy.
China announced that it would capture Tibet. However, the Tibetan leader, Dalai Lama and many other refugees entered India. China felt threatened by India’s involvement in Tibet. India responded with a letter to China when it made the Tibet announcement, which further caused a rift. This is one of the issues that remains a reason for contention between the two countries.
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Another reason for the change in the Chinese and Indian relationship was the area of the North East. According to the Chinese maps, there were many parts of the Indian territory that they thought were theirs, and they had control over it. However, when the Indian government asked them to change their map, this angered the Chinese government. They decided to attack India on October 22, 1962, from its North-Eastern frontier.
- What is the date and year Sino-Indian War?
- Where did the Sino-Indian War take place?
- Who won the Sino Indian War?
- Who were the two rivals of the Sino Indian War?
- How many Indian soldiers died in the Sino-Indian War of 1962?
- Did any other country join the Sino Indian War apart from the main competitor?
- What is the story of the Sino Indian War?
- Who was the real hero of the Sino Indian War?
- What did India lose after the Sino Indian War?
- Why was there no use of air combat in the Sino Indian War?
- Which country helped India in the war against China in 1962?
- Which Indian received the highest Gallantry Awards after the Indian Army in the Sino Indian War?
- What were some of the reasons India lost the Sino Indian War?
- What were the after-effects of the Sino Indian War?
- Facts about the Sino Indian War.
The Sino-Indian War, known as Sino-Indian Border Conflict in 1962, was engaged by India in countering China’s attack on October 20, 1962. Sino-Indian Border Conflict took place from October 20, 1962, to November 21, 1962.
The Sino-Indian War took place on India’s Eastern frontier, which is where India shares a border with China. The areas that the Sino-India war took place are Arunachal Pradesh, Aksai Chin and North-East Frontier Agency.
China won the Sino-Indian War in 1962. It withdrew all its troops from the regions where the war was taking place. China took almost fifteen thousand square miles of India and took the area of Aksai Chin. The country till today has control over the two regions.
The two rivals in the Sino Indian war were China and India. These two countries share their Western and Eastern border, respectively.
India had made a new forward block policy as a foreign policy. It was a policy that China didn’t approve and wanted to fight India about it. Therefore on October 22 October 22, 1962, China launched a series of attacks on India on its North-Eastern border and declared war on India.
The war between China and India lasted for a month from October to November. Around 1383 soldiers sacrificed their lives for the nation, and about 1047 were injured and wounded in the war. Besides offering their lives or getting injured, many Indians were missing. During the war, 1696 soldiers were missing and from these 400 were taken as prisoners of war.
No other international country joined the Sino Indian war. It was a war that happened between China and India in 1962. No other country entered the war on either side. The two countries fought the battle against each other alone.
After India gained independence, it made a foreign policy to maintain cordial and peaceful relations between India and China. However, when China captured and occupied Tibet, India didn’t agree and sent a letter to China proposing possible negotiations. China felt threatened by India because the Tibetan leader Dalai Lama took refuge in India. According to the Chinese government, there was a section of the Indian territory considered its territory. This further created issues in the rift between the two countries.
Many Indians soldiers fought bravely and courageously for the country in the Sino Indian War. Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat was a hero of the 1962 war between China and India.
He single-handedly inflicted a massive attack on the Chinese troops. The Rifleman fought the Battle of Naurangang with the Chinese forces. He was the lone soldier left at the altitude of ten thousand feet, and he managed to kill over three hundred soldiers. His tactic was to attack them from different sides, so they won’t know he’s a lone soldier. Another hero of the Sino Indian War was Lt. Col Dhan Singh Thapa. He was handling the post of Ladakh. In what is known as the 1962 LegHorn, Lt. Col fought the Chinese troops from this post. He was majorly outnumbered; however, that didn’t stop him from fighting continuously and defending our borders.
After China won the Sino Indian War, they withdrew forces from all the places. However, they took control over fifteen thousand square miles of the Indian territory. Along with the Indian territory, they captured and occupied Aksai Chin, formerly a part of the Indian territory. China till today has control over the land and Aksai Chin. This is one of the most significant strains in the relationship between China and India.
When the war between China and India broke out in 1962, there was no air force deployment in the war. One of the reasons for that is the fact that the area is dense and interlocked. If India had used the Air force, it would have put the lives of the Indian soldiers at risk too. Another reason for the no use of air combat in the war was that the Indian army had not asked for the involvement of the Indian Air force. There would be a significant risk to Calcutta and Guwahati cities if India used to fight through air combat against the Chinese troops.
After China attacked India in 1962, India asked the United States government for help. The then Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru requested President Kennedy for fighter jets. In the handwritten letter by Nehru, he asked for twelve squadrons of fighter jets and a modern radar system.
Several warriors gave their lives to save the Indian territory in the East, fighting the battle with utmost bravery and courage. The following warrior was awarded the Maha Vir Chakra for his bravery and courage: Rifleman Jaswant Singh Rawat. Lt. Col Dhan Singh Thapa was awarded Param Vir Chakra for his role in the war.
There are many reasons that India lost the Sino Indian war with China. Firstly, India didn’t expect an attack from China due to which it was highly unprepared for war. Secondly, the climatic conditions on the borders made it difficult for soldiers to fight. It was the months of winter, and there was a severe lack of oxygen which was not a possible issue for the soldiers.
After India was defeated in the Sino-Indian War in 1962, there were many political changes in the country. The then Defense Minister, V K Krishna Menon resigned from his post. He was blamed for the lack of preparedness of the Indian troops to fight a war against China. One of the most significant after-effects of the Sino-Indian War of 1962 was that India increased its support to the Tibetan refugees. This action by India still is an area of contention between the two countries.
The facts on Sino Indian War 1962 are as follows-
- In 1962, China’s People’s Liberation Army invaded India in the Ladakh region and across the McMohan Line in the North-East Frontier Agency.
- The Indian side before the war started didn’t believe an actual action would take place, so they deployed two regiments of soldiers on the borders. However, China had a different battalion deployed at their edge, ready for war.
- The Chinese cut the telephone lines of the Indians, which caused a problem that defenders were unable to contact the headquarters.
- On October 20 October 20 Chinese infantry attacked Indian soldiers from the rear side. This increased the loss of life on the Indian side, and the Indian soldiers had to resort to escaping to Bhutan.
- On the third day of the war, the Chinese troops lit a bush on fire to confuse the Indian soldiers. Around 400 Chinese soldiers attacked the Indian soldiers. The Indian troops stopped the first Chinese attack by using Indian mortar fire.
- In the first attack on the Chinese troops, when the Indian Army discovered that the Chinese forces had gathered in a pass, they attacked with martyrs and machine guns and killed around 200 Chinese soldiers.
- On October 26, a patrol car of 4 Sikhs was captured and encircled by the Chinese troops. The Indian soldiers sneaked in and attacked the Chinese Army and freed the captured Sikhs.
- In China’s official military history, it is said that the war achieved China’s policy of securing its Western frontier.
- It sealed the fact that Tibet will be a long-standing contention issue between the two countries for the future.
However, at the climax of the war, India was subdued by the Chinese Army and scored a decisive defeat against China.