## ML Aggarwal Class 7 Solutions for ICSE Maths Chapter 17 Data Handling Ex 17.1

Question 1.

The number of rooms in 25 houses of a locality is as given below:

4, 3, 2, 6, 4, 3, 2, 1, 5, 3, 2, 3, 4, 3, 5, 1, 6, 1, 3, 4, 2, 3, 4, 3, 5

(i) Arrange the above data in ascending order.

(ii) Find the range of the data.

(iii) Construct a frequency distribution table for the above data.

(iv) Find the number of houses which have 4 or more than 4 rooms

(v) Drawbar graph to represent the above data.

Solution:

(i) Arranging the given data in ascending order,

(ii) Smallest data = 1 and highest data = 6

Range = 6 – 1 = 5

(iii) Frequency table of the given data is given below:

(iv) Number of houses which have 4 or more rooms = 5 + 3 + 2= 10

(v) The bar graph showing the given data.

Question 2.

The given bar graph shows the number of books sold by a bookstore for five consecutive years. Read the bar graph and answer the following questions:

(i) About how many books were sold in 2008, 2009 and 2011 years?

(ii) In which years were about 475 books and 225 books sold?

Solution:

Given figure shows the number of books sold

by a bookstore during 5 consecutive years.

(i) Number of books sold in 2008 = 140

Number of books sold in 2009 = 360

Number of books sold in 2011 = 180

(ii) In the year 2012, 475 books were sold

and in 2010, 225 books were sold.

Question 3.

Two hundred students of 6th and 7th class were asked to name their favorite colour so as to decide upon what should be the colour of their school building. The results are shown in the following table:

Favourite colour | Red | Green | Blue | Yellow | Orange |

Number of students | 43 | 19 | 55 | 49 | 34 |

Represent the given data on a bar graph.

Answer the following questions with the help of the bar graph:

(i) Which is the most preferred colour?

(ii) Which is the least preferred colour?

(iii) How many colours are there in all? What are they?

Solution:

Number of total students 43 + 19 + 55 + 49 + 34 = 200

Favourite colour | Red | Green | Blue | Yellow | Orange |

Number of students | 43 | 19 | 55 | 49 | 34 |

Bar graph:

(i) Blue colour.

(ii) Green colour.

(iii) 5 colours : red, green, blue, yellow and orange.

Question 4.

Sale of English and Hindi books in four consecutive years is given below:

Years | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 |

English | 350 | 400 | 450 | 620 |

Hindi | 500 | 525 | 600 | 650 |

Draw a double bar graph to represent the above data and answer the following questions:

(i) In which year was the difference in the sale of two language books least?

(ii) Can you say that the demand for English books rose faster? Justify your answer.

Solution:

Years | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 |

English | 350 | 400 | 450 | 620 |

Hindi | 500 | 525 | 600 | 650 |

The bar graph is drawn as given below:

(i) In 2011 the difference is 650 – 620 = 30 which is least.

(ii) Yes, the increase in the sale of English books = 620 – 350 = 170

and increase in sale of Hindi books = 650 – 500 = 150

Question 5.

Consider the following data collected from a survey of a colony:

Favourite sport | Cricket | Basketball | Swimming | Hockey | Athletics |

Watching | 1240 | 470 | 510 | 430 | 250 |

Participating | 620 | 320 | 320 | 250 | 110 |

Draw a double bar graph choosing an appropriate scale.

Answer the following questions using the bar graph:

(i) Which sports is most popular?

(ii) Which is more preferred, watching or participating in sports?

Solution:

Favourite sport | Cricket | Basketball | Swimming | Hockey | Athletics |

Watching | 1240 | 470 | 510 | 430 | 250 |

Participating | 620 | 320 | 320 | 250 | 110 |

Bar graph is drawn as given below:

(i) Cricket is the most popular sports.

(ii) Watching is more preferred.