Kurukshetra War: Also famous as the Mahabharata War, is one of the largest wars of history, as described in the epic poem of Hinduism, Mahabharata. The battle was a rising conflict because of the struggle of dynasty succession between the two groups of cousins, popularly known as Kauravas and Pandavas. The group of cousins fought the Kurukshetra War for the throne of Hastinapur, and the War involved several prominent ancient kingdoms participating as the allies for the different groups.
However, the history of the War still stays as a scholarly discussion subject across the experts. There might be a possibility that the Ten Kings’ battle (stated in Rigveda), might have led to the formation of the nucleus for this story of the Kurukshetra War. In the Mahabharata, the fight’s version modified and expanded, making it the version of dubious historicity. Several scholars and experts made many efforts for assigning a historic date to the Kurukshetra War. The scholars suggest the date as 1000 BCE. However, it is marked during the transition of Kali Yuga in the traditional folklore, thus dating to 3102 BCE.
Want to know how many wars and conflicts took place in History and changed the world? Check out this available List of Wars and Battles.
The Kurukshetra War is known to have occurred in Northern India, and it only lasted for eighteen days. However, the War’s narration accounts for more than half of the book Mahabharata, exhibiting its importance in the entire epic that spans decades of warring families. The chapter of Mahabharata, Parvas, which deals with stating the War, is known to be among the oldest in the entire epic.
- What is the date and year of the Kurukshetra war?
- Where did the Kurukshetra War take place?
- Who won the Kurukshetra War?
- Who all died from both the rival sides in the Kurukshetra War?
- Who were the two rivals of the Kurukshetra War?
- Who else joined the Kurukshetra War apart from the main competitors?
- What is the story of the Kurukshetra War?
- What were the significant rules of the Kurukshetra War?
- Who was the Mastermind of the Kurukshetra War?
- Who was the first one to die in the Kurukshetra War?
- What are the popular traditions and astronomical calculations related to the Kurukshetra War?
- What is the historical significance of Kurukshetra City?
Kurukshetra War Date and Year | When Did the Kurukshetra War Occur in India?
There is much confusion related to the history of the Kurukshetra War. The Kurukshetra War version of the Mahabharata expanded and modified to become dubious historicity. Many experts and scholars made enormous efforts for assigning a historic date to the War. It is dated as 1000 BCE by the scholars. However, according to the epic Mahabharata, the War marked during the transition of Kali Yuga, and this is dated 3102 BCE.
Where Did the Kurukshetra War Occur?
The Kurukshetra War lasted for only eighteen days, and it occurred in Northern India. The region where it happened is presently known as Kurukshetra.
Who Received Victory in the Kurukshetra War?
Pandavas received victory in the Kurukshetra War and got crowned as the rulers of Hastinapur. Yudhistira then became the helm of affairs. After the death and failure of the Kauravas, Gandhari cursed Krishna and the Yadav clan, painful death like her sons.
Who Died in the Kurukshetra War?
On the eighth day of the War period, Bhima killed 17 sons of Dhritarashtra. Further, the son of Arjuna, Iravan, and Ulupi, the snake princess killed five Shakuni brothers. After that, Duryodhan sent Alamvusha, the Rakshasa fighter, to kill Iravana, who succeeded in his aim.
Furthermore, as the War ended, only twelve major warriors were left. The five Pandavas, Krishna, Satyaki, Ashwathhama, Kripacharya, Yuyutsu, Kritvarma, and Vrishaketu, were among the surviving warriors.
Who Were the Major Rivals in the Two Sides of the Kurukshetra War?
The Kurukshetra War was led between the two families. The Kauravas showed the first side and included Duryodhana and their cousins. The Pandavas ruled the other side, and Yudhisthira was the leader among them. The War began due to a conflict of succession struggle for Hastinapura’s kingdom.
Who All Joined the Kurukshetra War?
There were two main armies in the Kurukshetra War, i.e. the Pandava Army and the Kaurava Army. Here are the lists of members during the War for both the armies:
- The Pandava Army: The Pandava army constituted the seven Akshauhinis army, with each division led by Sahadev, Nakula, Satyaki, Shikhandi, Abhimanyu, Virata and Drupada. Dhrishtadyumna was the supreme commander of the Pandava army. Many other kingdoms supported the Pandava army like the Magadha Empire, Pandya Empire, Kekaya Empire, and others.
- The Kaurava Army: There were 11 Akshauhinis in the Kaurava army, and Bhishma was the commander of it. Drona and his son Ahswatthama also assisted the Kauravas on the battlefield. The other army supporters were Bhagadatta, Shakuni, Bahlika, Bhurishravas, Sudakshina, Shalya, Kritavarma, Brahmin Kripa, and others.
What is the Main Story Behind the Kurukshetra War?
The Kuru territories were divided into two parts. One part was ruled by Dhritarashtra (and his sons Kauravas) with the capital at Hastinapur, and Pandav brother Yudhishthira ruled the other with the capital at Indraprastha. The major dispute leading to the Kurukshetra War began between the Pandavas and the Kauravas, and it initiated with a dice game. Duryodhan won the match by deceit and forced Pandavas to transfer the entire territory to the Kauravas and go into exile for thirteen years.
Further, things got much complicated with Duryodhan refusing to restore the territories to the Pandavas, thus leading to the War.
What Were The Set Grounds And Rules of the Kurukshetra War?
The supreme commanders of both the rival sides met before the beginning of the Kurukshetra War and framed “rules of ethical conduct”, i.e., dharmayuddha, of the War. The rules were as follows:
- Fighting must only begin after the sunrise and end precisely at sunset.
- Only one warrior can attack the other single one. No groups can attack individual people.
- Two warriors can engage in a duel or personal combat only if the set of weapons with them are the same and they are on the same mount type.
- No warrior must injure or kill a warrior who already surrendered.
- The person who surrenders becomes the war prisoner and will then be subjected to a war prisoner’s protection.
- No warrior can injure or kill an unarmed warrior.
- No warrior can injure or kill an unconscious warrior.
- No warrior can injure or kill an animal or person who is not part of the War.
- No warrior can injure or kill another warrior from behind his back.
- No warrior can attack any woman.
- No warrior can strike any animal that is not a direct threat.
- One must follow the fundamental rules specific to the weapon in possession.
- None of the warriors can engage in any unfair warfare practice.
Who is Referred to as the Mastermind of the Kurukshetra War?
Shakuni is credited to be the Mastermind behind the Kurukshetra War. He was born in Gandhara and was the son of king Subala. He had a dear sister Gandhari who had Kauravas as her sons. Shakuni was a devious, crafty, and intelligent person, and he suggested many ideas that became the primary reasons for the Kurukshetra War.
Who was the First One to Die in the Kurukshetra War?
Uttama, the son of King Virata, was killed first by the Madra King Shailya, Shailya was the maternal uncle of Sahadev and Nakula. Uttama died on the first day of the Kurukshetra War.
What Are Some Prominent Traditions And Astronomical Calculations Of The Kurukshetra War?
The most prominent tradition states that the war marks the transition to the kali Yuga and dates 3102 BCE. There are many other proposals, like:
- Verveer Arya claimed the date of the Kurukshetra War to be 3162 BCE. He did so by correcting the 60 years by distinguishing Saka and Sakanta Eras.
- P. V. Holey claimed that the date of the War is 13th November 3143 BCE. He concluded this using the calendar systems and planetary positions.
- Based on some transition work, K. Sadananda stated that the War started on 22nd November 3067 BCE.
- B. N. Achar utilized the planetarium software for arguing that the Kurukshetra War occurred in 3067 BCE.
- S. Balakrishna used the consecutive lunar eclipses and concluded the war date of 2559 BCE.
- Using the Saturn+Jupiter conjunctions and the double eclipses, R. N. Iyengar concluded the war date of 1478 BCE.
- P. R. Sarkar estimated the date of the Kurukshetra War of 1298 BCE.
- V. S. Dubey claimed that the War occurred near 950 BCE.
What is the Historical Significance of Kurukshetra City?
Kurukshetra is a city of Haryana’s present state, and it holds a greater religious and historical importance. The city has a sacred association with the Vedic Culture and the Vedas. This is the city where the Kurukshetra (also known as Mahabharata) War occurred, and Lord Krishna preached the philosophy of ‘Karma’. The city is also described as the DHARMAKSHETRA (the region of righteousness) in the first verse of Bhagavad Gita. It is also related to the Aryan civilization and a prestigious growth along the river Saraswati.