India Pakistan War 1971: From the Partition of British ruled India in 1947, and following the creation of the dominions of Pakistan and India, both of the countries have been tangled up in a large number of conflicts, military standoffs and wars.
A long-running dispute, especially over Kashmir and cross-border terrorism, has been the major reason for disagreement. Only except for the India Pakistan War 1971, which occurred due to conflicts starting from the Bangladesh Liberation War in Bangladesh (previously known as East Pakistan).
The India Pakistan War 1971 was a military conflict between Mitro Bahini forces of India and Pakistan that occurred during the liberation war in Bangladesh or East Pakistan. The fight started with Operation Chengiz Khan’s preemptive attack through the air on 11 Indian air stations that directed to the commencement of conflicts with Pakistan and India entry to the war of Independence in East Pakistan on the side of Bengali Nationalist forces.
When Did The War Between India And Pakistan Of 1971 Take Place?
The war between India and Pakistan, 1971, also known as the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971 took place in 1971 from 3 December 1971 to 16 December 1971.
Where Did The Indian Pakistan War Of 1971 Occur?
The Indo-Pakistan conflict of 1971 occurred in the India and East Pakistan border, the Eastern front including Pasha enclaves and Bay of Bengal and the Western front, including the LoC, zero points, and the Indian Arabian Ocean.
Who Won the India Pakistan war 1971?
Well-known and studied as the shortest war in History, the thirteen-day long India Pakistan war 1971 ended with a decisive victory for the Indian Army. The end of the war led to the creation of Bangladesh. The East Pakistan military command’s surrender was seen in the Eastern front and in the Western front unilateral ceasefire marked the end of the war.
How Many Indian Soldiers Died In The India Pakistan War 1971?
Although India won the war decisively, which led to Pakistan’s splitting in two parts and Bangladesh’s creation occurred. However, the victory came with a huge loss for India as almost 3900 Indian soldiers were slaughtered.
Nearly 10,000 soldiers were injured with many of them left to ache from lifelong disabilities. But, Pakistan did suffer more with almost 8000 killed soldiers and 25000 wounded soldiers.
Who Supported India in India Pakistan war 1971?
Although India did not have any diplomatic ties with Israel but New Delhi with Prime Minister Indira Gandhi’s leadership, secretly sought and got arms from Tel Aviv when they were preparing to go to war with Pakistan in 1971.
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi conducted herself with extraordinary restraint and patience due to which India won the battle and Bangladesh was formed comprising over 60% of Pakistan’s population. The Indian forces were assisted and supported by the Mukti Bahini, a Bengali guerrilla resistance organization fighting the Pakistani troops throughout the war.
What is the History of the India Pakistan War 1971?
Here is all the background you need to know about the India Pakistan war 1971. The battle took place in the setting of tensions between Pakistan previously known as West Pakistan and East Pakistan mostly the Bengali majority, which was nearer to India than Pakistan.
The political tensions between East Bengal and West Pakistan were caused due to the creation of Pakistan due to India’s partition by the British in 1947, the famous language movement in 1950, the mass killings in East Bengal in1964 and also the mass protests in 1969.
The Pakistan Army led by Lieutenant General Tikka Khan, on 25 March 1971, who later went on to become the first COAS of Pakistan, launched Operation Searchlight to repress the rebellion in East Pakistan. The Pakistan Army reportedly committed vast human rights defilements during this operation.
The conflicts between Pakistan and India initially began on 3 December 1971, when the Pakistan Air Force (PAF), set in motion pre-emotive airstrikes on 11 of Indian Airforce. Addressing the nation, the same day in evening, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi called the air attacks a “declaration of war against India”.
What is the Code Name Assigned To The Preemptive Air Strike Carried Out By The Pakistan Air Force?
The code name assigned to the preemptive air strike carried out by the Pakistan Air Force is Operation Chengiz Khan, and 11 Indian Air Force airfields were the main targets of this operation.
What are the Names Of The Targeted Indian Airbases Which Were Attacked By The Pakistan Air Force?
The targets of the Pakistan Air Forces’ Air strikes were the Airbasees of Agra, Amritsar, Ambala, Awantipur, Halwara, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Bhuj, Pathankot, Jaiselmer, Uttarlai and Srinagar and also the air defence radars present in Amritsar and Faridkot.
When is the Indian Navy Day Celebrated?
The India Pakistan war 1971 is also known for the Indian Navy’s daring assault and to commemorate this successful operation, India observes 4 December as Navy Day.
Why is the Indian Navy Day Celebrated?
The Indian Navy launched a daring assault, with code name Operation Trident, on Pakistan’s financial hub, Karachi, which was also the Pakistan Navy force’s headquarters. During this operation, the Indian Navy sank four Pakistani vessels including the well-known PNS Khaibar, killing hundreds of Pakistani Navy workers.
What Were The Results Of The Surrender Of Pakistan In The India Pakistan War 1971?
Around 93000 Pakistani troops were captured as prisoners of war or PoW by the Indian Army due to the surrender. Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the Awami League leader, became the first President of the newly formed Bangladesh in 1972. He was also selected as the second Prime Minister of Bangladesh in 1974. He is the father of the current Bangladesh Prime Minister, Sheikh Hasina although he was assassinated in 1975.
What Are Some Of The Facts Of The India Pakistan War 1971?
- The India Pakistan war 1971 was fought for only 13 days where General AA Khan Niazi, the chief of the Pakistani forces with his 93,000 soldiers gave up before India.
- It is known as one of the biggest Indian Army’s victories over Pakistan that made the Pakistani Army helpless.
- Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 16 December to pay respect and tribute to all of the soldiers who gave up their lives for India’s victory in the war of India Pakistan 1971.
- Major Ian Cardozo, AVSM, SM, Gorkha Rifles was one of the wounded men who had to cut off his leg with his khukri after he stepped on a landmine. Still, he continued his service at Indian Army and became an officer of the Indian Army.
Who Is The Real Hero Of The Indian Pakistan 1971?
Several brave Indian soldiers did not care for their lives while combating with Pakistan and set an example of invincible courage. One such brave soldier has won Maha Vir Chakra’s award for his conspicuous leadership and bravery.
Who Was Known As The Razakars And What Did They Do During The Indo-Pak War Of 1971?
Members of the Pakistani military and supporting Islamist militias known as the Razakars, during the 1971 Bangladesh war for independence, raped almost between 200,000 and 400,000 Bangladeshi girls and women in a systematic campaign of genocidal rape.
How Many Gallantry Awards Were Awarded To The Army Officers After The India Pakistan War 1971?
For bravery, numerous soldiers and officers from Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh were awarded their respective country’s highest gallantry award. The Indian recipients of the Gallantry award that is the Param Vir Chakra are:
- Major Hoshiar Singh
- Lance Naik Albert Ekka
- Second Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal
- Flying Officer Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon
The Pakistani recipients of the Gallantry award that is the Nishan-E-Haider are:
- Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas
- Sarwar Muhammad Hussain
- Major Muhammad Akram
- Lance Naik Muhammad Mahfuz
- Major Shabir Sharif
The Bangladeshi recipients of the Gallantry award that is the Bir Shreshtho are:
- ERA Mohammud Ruhu Amin
- Sepoy Mostafa Kamal
- Captain Mohiuddin Jahangir
- Sepoy Hamidur Rahman
- Lance Naik Munshi Abdur Rouf
- Lance Naik Nur Mohammed Sheik
- Flight Lieutenant Matiur Rahman
India Pakistan War 1971 Movies | List Of The Major Films And Dramas On India Pakistan War 1971
- Hindustan Ki Kasam (1973)
- Aakraman (1975)
- Vijeta (1982)
- Border (1997)
- 1971 – Prisoners of war (2007)
- 1971: Beyond Borders (2017)
- Ab Tumhare Hawale Watan Sathiyon (2004)
- 16 December (2002)
- Deewar (2004)
- Raazi (2018)
- Romeo Akbar Walter (2019)
- Bhuj: The Pride of India (upcoming)
- Mukti: Birth of a Nation
- The Ghazi Attack (2017)
- PNS Ghazi
Briefly About Indo-Pak 1971 War Memorial
Aasafwala Shaheedon ki Samadhi located just seven kilometres away from Fazilka town on NH 10 (now 7) is a sacred memorial and War museum in the remembrance of the war heroes and martyrs of the India Pakistan war 1971 is managed by Shaheed ki Samadhi Committee Asafwala with the co-operation of Army and civil administration.
If you want to pay respects to martyrs, you should visit the historical place. You can pay your respect to all those war heroes who gave up their lives to defend India from Pakistan’s hostility.
How To Reach The Memorial Site Of The Indo-Pak 1971 War?
You can reach the memorial through three routes:
- By air: The closest International airport of the memorial site of the 1971 war, Asafwala’s War Memorial is Shri Guru Ram Das International Airport, Amritsar which is almost 200 km from Fazika. Other domestic airports are Ludhiana Airport (234 km) and Bathinda Airport (90 km).
- By Road: The nearest bus stand from the memorial site is Fazilka bus stand, approximately 6 km from the war memorial.
- By Train: Closest railway station of the memorial site is Fazilka Railway Station, which is about 6 km from the attached War Memorial.