India Pakistan War 1965: The battle between India and Pakistan was engaged between April 1965 to September 1965, which marked the confrontation between the two powers. The encounter was initiated to cope with Pakistan’s Operation Gibraltar, a conspiracy designed to channelise the Pakistani forces within Jammu and Kashmir to trigger an insurgency against the Indian Empire.
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The operation initiated panic within the Indian borders. The Indian army retaliated by enforcing a war against the Pakistani forces and launched a large-scale military assault in Western Pakistan. The country of Pakistan was engaged in such a deadly battle, that it resulted in hundreds of casualties. Ultimately India, with its immense armed forces, smashed the Pakistani army to grip the Vale of Kashmir. The Indian defence ministry was overwhelmed at the 50th anniversary of the Indian win against Pakistan in 1965 and declared a celebration for the day.
- What is the date of the India Pakistan War 1965?
- Where did the Indo-Pakistan War 1965 occur?
- Who won the India Pakistan War 1965?
- Who supported Pakistan in the Indo-Pakistan War 1965?
- How many Indian soldiers sacrificed their lives in the India Pakistan War 1965?
- Which country supported India during the Indo-Pakistani Conflict in 1965?
- Who is the real hero of the India Pakistan War 1965?
- What is the History of the India Pakistan War in 1965?
- What did India gain after the Indo-Pakistan War in 1965?
- What are the major phases of the India Pakistan War in 1965?
- When did the India Pakistan Air War begin in 1965?
- What plan the Pakistani army constructed to invade India?
- What are the names of the most prominent soldiers who fought for India in the Indo-Pakistan War 1965?
- Which Indian received the highest Gallantry Awards after the Indian Army in India Pakistan War 1965?
- Which Indian soldier was praised with national awards for bravery in India Pakistan War 1965?
- What is the role of NCC in the India Pakistan War 1965?
- Facts about the India Pakistan War in 1965
The India Pakistan War, also quoted as the Indo-Pakistan War 1965, was engaged by India in countering Pakistan’s Operation Gibraltar and was battled from August to 23 September 1965.
The Indo-Pakistan tension or the India Pakistan War 1965 happened in the Western fronts – Indo-Pakistan border ( line of Control, Radcliffe line, Working boundary, Zero points), Arabian Sea, and the Eastern fronts – India-East Pakistan border.
India mark its victory on the pages of the Indo-Pakistan War 1965 after sixteen days of continuous conflicts. It was one of the most fierce battles fought between the two countries. After World War II, the world witnessed the deadly engagement of powerful army tanks and armoured vehicles for the first time. There were thousands of casualties on both sides, and at the climax, India countered the attack and held the province of Jammu and Kashmir.
Pakistan’s forces designed the Gibraltar Operation to invade Kashmir. The United States and United Kingdoms generously supported them through an efficient supply of arms. The consequences of the war were fatal; Indian forces destroyed most Western Pakistani areas. To compensate for the losses later, China presented financial aid and military equipment, including tanks and aircraft, to Pakistan.
The noxious conflict between India and Pakistan that lasted for sixteen days from August to September 1965 appeared devastating, causing thousands of casualties. It resulted in the death of 2862 Indian soldiers, and almost 97 Indian tanks were obliterated.
During the India Pakistan War 1965, the United States and United Kingdoms’ military forces were inclined to attack India and captured its territory. However, during this time, Russia supported India and retaliated against the attackers to safeguard the Indian province.
Hundreds of soldiers fought with immense courage to safeguard their motherland, India. Several army officers possessed the bravery to sacrifice their lives. One of the bravest soldiers of the 1965 war, who was presented with the crown of the real hero of the Indo-Pakistan war, is Arjan Singh, an icon of the Indian military who led the Indian Air force in 1965 in the battle against Pakistan.
In 1964, Nehru’s death in India raised panic circumstances with the nation. The country of Pakistan was flooded with rumours of the instability of the Indian forces. This compelled the Pakistani Field Marshal Ayub Khan to perceive the political and military weaknesses of India. He trained the Pakistan armed forces and structured a highly equipped mechanism to invade the Jammu and Kashmir areas.
However, the Pakistani forces lacked the confidence to enforce open battle against the Indian Army. Therefore, they opted for a secret attacking strategy to infiltrate armed forces within the Indian borders, and the mission was named Operation Gibraltar. The Pakistani army developed a well-balanced plan to seize power and declare independence in the J&K province and resist the battle within its nearby areas. Under the supervision of Major General Akhtar Hussain Malik, the operation headquarters were set up in Murree. More than 30000 Pakistani warriors attempted to infiltrate the Indian borders.
But, the attack was pre-detected by the Indian forces beforehand through the Muslims of Kashmir. The world witnessed a fierce encounter of aircraft, tanks, and all other deadly weapons to diminish hundreds of warriors from both sides. More than 2000 Indian warriors were killed, and 97 Indian tanks were destroyed. Pakistan lost 5800 brave fighters, and more than 450 Pakistani tanks were destroyed or captured.
After A Fierce War Of Sixteen Days, Finally, the Pakistani army was retaliated, and India won 1920 sq. kilometres of the territory. It gained complete dominance over a significant Pakistani route – “Haji Pir Pass,” and captured some of the areas of Sialkot. But the gains of either of the countries were not substantial as in 1966, India and Pakistan withdrew all the pre-war positions.
The India Pakistan War of 1965 mainly included three phrases.
- First phrase: The Pakistani force detected the political instability of India after Jawaharlal Nehru’s death. They designed a secret operation and trained their soldiers to infiltrate the armed forces in Jammu and Kashmir, with the sole objective to establish their power.
- Second phrase: When the Indians detected their attempts of entering the Indian borders through the Muslims of Kashmir. They planned to retaliate against Pakistani attacks.
- Third Phrase: It consists of staggering conflicts, resulting in pools of blood and fresh. The Indian army’s excellence to reach the doors of Lahore and the defence mechanism of Pakistani forces to safeguard their province.
What is the Lahore Front?
The terrifying Battle of Lahore is often quoted as Lahore Front, which comprises consecutive combats between the Indian and Pakistani forces. The Indian forces penetrated inside the Pakistani province to knock at the gates of Lahore. India finally established its power over the foes and occupied the choke points in Pakistan, gaining a large territory.
The Pakistani forces tried to exploit every warfare resource to capture Kashmir. The aerial battle of the two powers began on 1 September 1965. Both the air forces caused massive destruction, almost 73 Pakistani aircraft were destroyed by India, while India lost only 35 of them.
The Pakistani army perceived the Indian Political and Military distress and designed the Operation Grand Slam, with headquarters at Murree. IPakistan’scritical attack to enter its armed forces in India through the Akhnoor Bridge in Indian administered Jammu and Kashmir province. The Pakistani aimed to capture the cities of Jammu and Kashmir to threaten the Indian government. However, the operation failed as the Indian forces burnt their objective into ashes, and they were forced to retreat.
What Are The Names Of The Most Prominent Soldiers Who Fought for India in the Indo-Pakistan War 1965?
Some of the prominent Indian warriors who possess the feast of bravery during the Indo-Pak War 1965 are as follows
- CQMH Abdul Hamid, PVC: He belongs to the Grenadiers 4 regiment and fought bravely to destroy seven tanks single-handedly.
- Lt. Col. Ardeshir Burzoji Tarapore, PVC: He was the CO of 17 Poona Horse. He played an efficient leader’s role to inspire his men to fight for six days after his death.
- Major ( Lt. Gen ) Ranjit Singh Dayal, MVC: Ranjit belongs to 1 Para (SF) and is often referred to as Hajipir Pass’s hero. His fearless attitude and bravery encrypted his name on the pages of history.
- Sub. Ajit Singh, MVC: Ajit Singh is one of the most important names in the battle of 1965. He portrayed his heroism and courage on the battlefield. He received a token of honour as the Maha Vir Chakra. Furthermore, due to his bravery, the 4 Sikh was awarded the Theatre Honour Punjab and the Battle Honour Barki.
- Wing commander Ajjamada Boppayya Devayya, MVC: He was the only Airforce officer to be awarded the Maha Vir Chakra. He was also referred to as the Wings of Fire, who led the aerial attack on the Pakistani forces.
Which Indian Received The Highest Gallantry Awards After the Indian Army in India Pakistan War 1965?
Several warriors gave their lives to save the Indian territory, battling with utmost bravery. The following warriors were awarded the Param Vir Chakra as a token of honour and respect
Lieutenant – Colonel Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore
Company Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hamid
The Government of India awarded Joginder Singh Dillon, Lt. Gen, with Padma Bhusan in 1966, for his magnificent role in the India Pakistan War in 1965. He became the first Indian officer to receive this token of honour.
The National Cadet Corps played an efficient role in the Indo-Pakistan battle in 1965. They managed every department like passive air raids, including rescue missions, first aid work, the expulsion of casualties, fir-combat, and maintenance of vital services such as engineer and pioneer services, motor services, water supply, etc. They were effectively used in civil defence patrols, hospital missions, and messenger services.
The facts on Indo Pakistan War 1965 are as follows –
- The Indo-Pakistan War was one of the ferocious battles fought between the two countries to establish power. The world witnessed such a fierce fight for the first time after World War II.
- The Pakistani forces comprising 33000 soldiers attempted to execute their pre-planned mission quoted as ‘ Operation Gibraltar ‘ and crossed the Line of Control (LoC) from Kashmir in August.
- On 28th August, the Indian forces opened up and penetrated eight-kilometre inside Pakistan to reach the doors of Lahore and overpowered the Pakistanis to take control of Haji Pir Pass under the mentorship of Major General Prasad.
- For the first time in history, Lal Bahadur Shastri declared war to pressure Pakistan and ordered the Indian army to break through the Pakistani borders.
- The Pakistani forces declared a counter-attack against the Indian army was employed; it’s Patton Tank. This led to the most significant tank combat after World War II. The Pakistani military marched towards Amritsar with its efficient tank force, equipped with cannons and M60 rifles.
However, at the climax of the skirmishes, India subdued the Pakistani army and scored a decisive victory against Pakistan.