How CGPA is Calculated in CBSE Class 10?

Early this year the central board of secondary education announced the class 10 results in the CGPA form. The CGPA stands for Cumulative grade point average that shows the average grade points scored by the students in all subjects by excluding the additional 6th subject. 

Whether you are a student or a parent, it is important to understand the concept of CGPA to analyze the correct results of your class 10. Hence, we have come up with full details about what CGPA is and how it is calculated. So, go through this post until the end. 

What is CGPA?

Cumulative grade point average is a new method of calculating the average score of students in exams. It is used in both schools and colleges to analyze the accurate performance and score of students in Grades such as A, B, C, D, and E. This shows the average score obtained by the student through a year. 

For example, if students score 90% marks in class 10 so he will be allotted with Grade  A. 

There are many students and parents who do not know how to calculate CGPA. Here, we have shared the method of calculating CGPA from marks. Keep in mind the CGPA is mentioned on all the report cards of students, so please note that before calculating grades.  

How to calculate CGPA?

Once you have found your CGPA details on the report card then follow the given procedure. 

  1. First list down all the five main subjects of class 10 and mentioned grades to them. Check the given example:
English 8
Hindi 9
Social science 7
Maths 8
Science 8

Here your total is= 40

Now divide it by 5 subjects means 40/5= 8.0

Hence your CGPA is 8.

Now, you are wondering how to calculate the percentage. Here is how you can check your percentage.

How to calculate percentage with CGPA?

Once you calculate your CGPA, you must know how much percentage you have scored.

To check this you have to convert CGPA in percentage format as given in the example. As in the above example, you have scored 8.0 CGPA, so now you have to multiply this score by 9.5.

i.e.  8.0*9.5= 76%

To check your grade you need to combine the percentage with the Grade as the chart given below.

Marks in percentage Grade
91-100% A+
81-90% A
71-80% B
61-70% B
51-60% C
41-50% C
31-20% D
21-10% E
11-0% E

The pros and cons of CGPA

In this section, we would like to share the pros and cons of CGPA and why it is used in calculating student’s overall performance in academics. 


  • Students can analyze their weaknesses and strengths via grade and make improvements.
  • This reduces the stress of getting a higher percentage as your score is calculated in grades.


  • It does not identify the accurate performance of students in subjects and overall academic year.
  • The grading system makes the students less stressed about their performance, as students believe they can score grades even via a few mistakes. 

Class 10 marking Scheme based on subjects

The CBSE class 10 marking scheme of different subjects are given below. 


  • Number system- 6
  • Algebra-20
  • Geometry-15
  • Coordinates-6
  • Trigonometry-12
  • Menstruation-10
  • Statistics & probability-11


  • Chemical substances-8
  • World of living-17
  • Natural phenomena-4
  • Electric Current-23
  • Natural resources-13


  • Reading skills-30
  • Writing & grammar-20
  • Textbook-30

Social science

  • Geography-20
  • History-20
  • Economics-20
  • Civics-20

FAQs on calculating CGPA in class 10 

Q1. Why should CGPA multiply with 9.5?

Answer. The central board of secondary education conducts results on the basis of average score students during the academic year between 91 and 100. Thus, the average turns into 95 marks and the cumulative score of A-grade is 10 divided by 95 and the result is 9.5. 

Q2. Does CBSE show the Grade system in the Marks sheet?

Answer. No. The CBSE does not show grades in mark skeet. There you will find only the percentage or average marks scored by the students.

Q3. Which five subjects are considered to calculate the CGPA in class 10?

Answer. The five main subjects are English, science, social science, maths, and Hindi. If you want to score good grades in class 10 you should work hard to get high scores in these subjects.

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